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Flow and mixing induced by single, colinear, and colliding contractile waves in the intestine

Abstract : Smooth muscle-lined organs like the gut, the ureter, and the fallopian tubes transport matter by generating traveling contractile waves. Intestinal peristalsis is characterized by rhythmic trains of shallow, low-amplitude myogenic waves and high-amplitude, lumenobliterating neurogenic waves. In this paper, we develop a simple analytical Poiseuille-flow model to predict the flow rates induced by these different contractions as a function of all relevant wave parameters, and compare them to a numerical fluid-solid finite element model. We rationalize experimentally observed bolus to-and-fro motion induced by shallow myogenic waves. We show that occluding waves induce considerable bolus mixing due to an upstream vortex. We then investigate the hydrodynamics induced by two waves propagating either in the same direction (colinear) or in opposite directions, as happens in the digestive tract. For colinear waves, we find that the bolus reflux is maximal at a distance between successive myogenic waves close to the one observed physiologically. Colliding waves create a high pressure region that gives rise to rapid fluid flow, high shear stress, and radial mixing upon annihilation. Our paper provides fundamental insight on the fluid dynamics (reflux, propulsion, and mixing) generated by different contraction patterns of the intestine.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 10, 2022 - 9:51:12 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:58:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, September 11, 2022 - 6:31:24 PM

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PhysRevFluids.7.043101.pdf
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Richard Amedzrovi Agbesi, Nicolas Chevalier. Flow and mixing induced by single, colinear, and colliding contractile waves in the intestine. Physical Review Fluids, 2022, 7 (4), pp.043101. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevFluids.7.043101⟩. ⟨hal-03692884⟩

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