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Constraining Martian Regolith and Vortex Parameters From Combined Seismic and Meteorological Measurements

Abstract : The InSight mission landed on Mars in November 2018 and has since observed multiple convective vortices with both the high performance barometer and the low-noise seismometer SEIS that has unprecedented sensitivity. Here, we present a new method that uses the simultaneous pressure and seismic measurements of convective vortices to place constraints on the elastic properties of the Martian subsurface and the Martian vortex properties, while also allowing a reconstruction of the convective vortex trajectories. From data filtered in the (0.02–0.3 Hz) frequency band, we estimate that the mean value of η (η = E/[1 − ν2], where E is the Young's modulus and ν is the Poisson's ratio) of the Martian ground in the region around SEIS is 239 ± 140 MPa. In addition, we suggest that the previously reported paucity of vortex seismic observations to the west of InSight may be due to the fact that the ground is harder to the west than to the east, consistent with geomorphological surface interpretations.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 2:35:30 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 3:36:24 AM

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Naomi Murdoch, A Spiga, R Lorenz, R Garcia, C Perrin, et al.. Constraining Martian Regolith and Vortex Parameters From Combined Seismic and Meteorological Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets, Wiley-Blackwell, 2021, 126 (2), pp.e2020JE006410. ⟨10.1029/2020je006410⟩. ⟨hal-03657992⟩

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