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Characterization of three multicopper oxidases in the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina : A new role of an ABR1-like protein in fungal development

Abstract : The Podospora anserina genome contains a large family of 15 multicopper oxidases (MCOs), including three genes encoding a FET3-like protein, an ABR1-like protein and an ascorbate oxidase (AO)-like protein. FET3, ABR1 and AO1 are involved in global laccase-like activity since deletion of the relevant genes led to a decrease of activity when laccase substrate (ABTS) was used as substrate. However, contrary to the P. anserina MCO proteins previously characterized, none of these three MCOs seemed to be involved in lignocellulose degradation and in resistance to phenolic compounds and oxidative stress. We showed that the bulk of ferroxidase activity was clearly due to ABR1, and only in minor part to FET3, although ABR1 does not contain all the residues typical of FET3 proteins. Moreover, we showed that ABR1, related to the Aspergillus fumigatus ABR1 protein, was clearly and specifically involved in pigmentation of ascospores. Surprisingly, phenotypes were more severe in mutants lacking both abr1 and ao1. Deletion of the ao1 gene led to an almost total loss of AO activity. No direct involvement of AO1 in fungal developmental process in P. anserina was evidenced, except in a abr1Δ background. Overall, unlike other previously characterized MCOs, we thus evidence a clear involvement of ABR1 protein in fungal development.
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https://hal-univ-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03153076
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Submitted on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 9:23:27 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, February 28, 2021 - 3:15:42 AM

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Ning Xie, Gwenaël Ruprich-Robert, Philippe Silar, Éric Herbert, Roselyne Ferrari, et al.. Characterization of three multicopper oxidases in the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina : A new role of an ABR1-like protein in fungal development. Fungal Genetics and Biology, Elsevier, 2018, 116, pp.1-13. ⟨10.1016/j.fgb.2018.04.007⟩. ⟨hal-03153076⟩

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