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« Des marchands sans livres de comptes ? Sources d'entreprises et documentation commerciale dans l'Europe francophone (Royaume de France, Îles britanniques, XIVe-XVe siècles)

Abstract : The contrast between northern countries, where merchant archives and especially ledgers, are rare, and Mediterranean regions, mostly Tuscany, with abondant archives and many ledgers, is a classic topic in commercial history. Recent research has not change this landscape: archival findings remain exceptional in northern Europe, and most of them are about Italian or Spanish merchants. Yet, an inquiry less archive-oriented provides a different idea of late-medieval European trade: northern merchants did not keep ledgers when there was not credit involved in their relations, but they had to record their transactions in authentic letters which where exchanged between partners at the end of a deal, then destroyed or cancelled. The opposition between northern and southern region is not between learnt and illiterate trade, but between archive of companies preserved inside the firm network and records of the operations, which usually vanished unless there was conflict between partners. Evidence from the Jacques Coeur trial provide new clues to understand how European merchant, with different kinds of literacy, could deal together.
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https://hal-univ-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03125051
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Submitted on : Friday, January 29, 2021 - 10:59:08 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 16, 2022 - 6:58:46 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 30, 2021 - 6:41:05 PM

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Mathieu Arnoux. « Des marchands sans livres de comptes ? Sources d'entreprises et documentation commerciale dans l'Europe francophone (Royaume de France, Îles britanniques, XIVe-XVe siècles). Olivier Poncet, Cristina Mantegna. Les documents du commerce et des marchands entre Moyen Âge et époque moderne (XIIe- XVIIe siécle), Ecole Française de Rome, p. 117-132, 2018, Les documents du commerce et des marchands entre Moyen Âge et époque moderne (XIIe-XVIIe s.), 9782728313167. ⟨10.4000/books.efr.37730⟩. ⟨hal-03125051⟩

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