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Journal Articles Nature Geoscience Year : 2022

Newly formed craters on Mars located using seismic and acoustic wave data from InSight

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Lucie Rolland
Zongbo Xu
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1210868
  • IdHAL : zongboxu
Eleanor Sansom
Savas Ceylan
Nicholas Teanby
Nicholas Schmerr
John Clinton
Simon Stähler
Nikolaj Dahmen
Cecilia Durán
Anna Horleston
Domenico Giardini
Mark Panning

Abstract

Meteoroid impacts shape planetary surfaces by forming new craters and alter atmospheric composition. During atmospheric entry and impact on the ground, meteoroids excite transient acoustic and seismic waves. However, new crater formation and the associated impact-induced mechanical waves have yet to be observed jointly beyond Earth. Here we report observations of seismic and acoustic waves from the NASA InSight lander’s seismometer that we link to four meteoroid impact events on Mars observed in spacecraft imagery. We analysed arrival times and polarization of seismic and acoustic waves to estimate impact locations, which were subsequently confirmed by orbital imaging of the associated craters. Crater dimensions and estimates of meteoroid trajectories are consistent with waveform modelling of the recorded seismograms. With identified seismic sources, the seismic waves can be used to constrain the structure of the Martian interior, corroborating previous crustal structure models, and constrain scaling relationships between the distance and amplitude of impact-generated seismic waves on Mars, supporting a link between the seismic moment of impacts and the vertical impactor momentum. Our findings demonstrate the capability of planetary seismology to identify impact-generated seismic sources and constrain both impact processes and planetary interiors.
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Dates and versions

hal-03945839 , version 1 (25-01-2023)

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Raphael Garcia, Ingrid Daubar, Éric Beucler, Liliya Posiolova, Gareth Collins, et al.. Newly formed craters on Mars located using seismic and acoustic wave data from InSight. Nature Geoscience, 2022, 15 (10), pp.774-780. ⟨10.1038/s41561-022-01014-0⟩. ⟨hal-03945839⟩
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