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Journal Articles Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America Year : 2021

Magnitude Scales for Marsquakes Calibrated from InSight Data

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Nicholas Deichmann
  • Function : Author
John Clinton
Savas Ceylan
Martin van Driel
Anna Horleston
Taichi Kawamura
Amir Khan
W. Bruce Banerdt

Abstract

ABSTRACT In preparation for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Interior exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Discovery Program mission, Böse et al. (2018) calibrated magnitude scales for marsquakes that incorporated prelaunch knowledge of Mars’ interior structure and the expected ambient and instrumental noise. Now, using data collected during the first two years after the successful deployment of the InSight very-broadband seismometer on the Martian surface, we revise these relations to account for the seismic and noise characteristics observed on Mars. The data collected so far (until 12 October 2020) include 485 seismic event detections and suggest that (1) marsquakes are characterized by energy between ∼0.1 and 10 Hz; (2) whereas first arriving P- and S-wave phases are regularly identified and assigned, both surface waves and secondary phase arrivals are extremely challenging to identify; (3) the majority of identified events include a strong excitation of an unexpected 2.4 Hz ground resonance; and (4) so-called high-frequency (HF) events exist that are visible mainly as guided Pg/Sg wave trains. In view of these observations, we update our scaling relations for the spectral and body-wave magnitudes, Mw,specMa, mbMa, and mbSMa, and introduce a new magnitude scale, M2.4Ma, for HF events. We use these scales to determine that the magnitudes of events in the current InSight version 5 catalog range between 1.1 and 3.7, with event-specific uncertainties σM ranging from 0.2 to 0.4. Because of the currently unclear interpretation of HF events, magnitude estimates for these events primarily serve as a relative comparison.

Dates and versions

hal-03917218 , version 1 (01-01-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Maren Böse, Simon Stähler, Nicholas Deichmann, Domenico Giardini, John Clinton, et al.. Magnitude Scales for Marsquakes Calibrated from InSight Data. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 2021, 111 (6), pp.3003-3015. ⟨10.1785/0120210045⟩. ⟨hal-03917218⟩
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