Endothelial S1P 1 Signaling Counteracts Infarct Expansion in Ischemic Stroke - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Circulation Research Year : 2021

Endothelial S1P 1 Signaling Counteracts Infarct Expansion in Ischemic Stroke

Hira Niazi
Timothy Hla
Eric Camerer


Rationale: Cerebrovascular function is critical for brain health, and endogenous vascular protective pathways may provide therapeutic targets for neurological disorders. S1P (Sphingosine 1-phosphate) signaling coordinates vascular functions in other organs, and S1P 1 (S1P receptor-1) modulators including fingolimod show promise for the treatment of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. However, S1P 1 also coordinates lymphocyte trafficking, and lymphocytes are currently viewed as the principal therapeutic target for S1P 1 modulation in stroke. Objective: To address roles and mechanisms of engagement of endothelial cell S1P 1 in the naive and ischemic brain and its potential as a target for cerebrovascular therapy. Methods and Results: Using spatial modulation of S1P provision and signaling, we demonstrate a critical vascular protective role for endothelial S1P 1 in the mouse brain. With an S1P 1 signaling reporter, we reveal that abluminal polarization shields S1P 1 from circulating endogenous and synthetic ligands after maturation of the blood-neural barrier, restricting homeostatic signaling to a subset of arteriolar endothelial cells. S1P 1 signaling sustains hallmark endothelial functions in the naive brain and expands during ischemia by engagement of cell-autonomous S1P provision. Disrupting this pathway by endothelial cell-selective deficiency in S1P production, export, or the S1P 1 receptor substantially exacerbates brain injury in permanent and transient models of ischemic stroke. By contrast, profound lymphopenia induced by loss of lymphocyte S1P 1 provides modest protection only in the context of reperfusion. In the ischemic brain, endothelial cell S1P 1 supports blood-brain barrier function, microvascular patency, and the rerouting of blood to hypoperfused brain tissue through collateral anastomoses. Boosting these functions by supplemental pharmacological engagement of the endothelial receptor pool with a blood-brain barrier penetrating S1P 1 -selective agonist can further reduce cortical infarct expansion in a therapeutically relevant time frame and independent of reperfusion. Conclusions: This study provides genetic evidence to support a pivotal role for the endothelium in maintaining perfusion and microvascular patency in the ischemic penumbra that is coordinated by S1P signaling and can be harnessed for neuroprotection with blood-brain barrier-penetrating S1P 1 agonists.

Dates and versions

hal-03886183 , version 1 (06-12-2022)



Anja Nitzsche, Marine Poittevin, Ammar Benarab, Philippe Bonnin, Giuseppe Faraco, et al.. Endothelial S1P 1 Signaling Counteracts Infarct Expansion in Ischemic Stroke. Circulation Research, 2021, 128 (3), pp.363-382. ⟨10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.120.316711⟩. ⟨hal-03886183⟩
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