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Synthesis of Triazole-Linked SAM-Adenosine Conjugates: Functionalization of Adenosine at N-1 or N-6 Position without Protecting Groups

Abstract : More than 150 RNA chemical modifications have been identified to date. Among them, methylation of adenosine at the N-6 position (m6A) is crucial for RNA metabolism, stability and other important biological events. In particular, this is the most abundant mark found in mRNA in mammalian cells. The presence of a methyl group at the N-1 position of adenosine (m1A) is mostly found in ncRNA and mRNA and is mainly responsible for stability and translation fidelity. These modifications are installed by m6A and m1A RNA methyltransferases (RNA MTases), respectively. In human, deregulation of m6A RNA MTases activity is associated with many diseases including cancer. To date, the molecular mechanism involved in the methyl transfer, in particular substrate recognition, remains unclear. We report the synthesis of new SAM-adenosine conjugates containing a triazole linker branched at the N-1 or N-6 position of adenosine. Our methodology does not require protecting groups for the functionalization of adenosine at these two positions. The molecules described here were designed as potential bisubstrate analogues for m6A and m1A RNA MTases that could be further employed for structural studies. This is the first report of compounds mimicking the transition state of the methylation reaction catalyzed by m1A RNA MTases.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 7, 2022 - 5:17:33 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 4:48:06 PM

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Colette Atdjian, Dylan Coelho, Laura Iannazzo, Mélanie Ethève-Quelquejeu, Emmanuelle Braud. Synthesis of Triazole-Linked SAM-Adenosine Conjugates: Functionalization of Adenosine at N-1 or N-6 Position without Protecting Groups. Molecules, MDPI, 2020, 25 (14), pp.3241. ⟨10.3390/molecules25143241⟩. ⟨hal-03689985⟩

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