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Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin From Macrophages Plays a Critical Role in Renal Fibrosis Via the CCL5 (Chemokine Ligand 5)-Th2 Cells-IL4 (Interleukin 4) Pathway

Abstract : NGAL (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin; or lipocalin 2, Lcn2) is a novel mineralocorticoid target in the cardiovascular system. We showed that Lcn2 gene invalidation protects against proteinuria and renal injury upon mineralocorticoid excess and we hypothesized that NGAL produced from macrophages promotes the expression of chemoattractant molecules involved these renal lesions. The role of NGAL was analyzed using myeloid-specific (MΦ KO NGAL) Lcn2 knockout mice challenged with uni-nephrectomy, aldosterone, and salt (NAS) for 6 weeks. The role of the CCL5 (chemokine ligand 5) and IL4 (interleukin 4) in kidney fibrosis was studied by administration of the CCL5 receptor antagonist maraviroc or by injections of an anti-IL4 neutralizing antibody. In CTL mice, NAS increased the renal expression of extracellular matrix proteins, such as collagen I, αSMA, and fibronectin associated with interstitial fibrosis which were blunted in MΦ KO NGAL mice. The expression of CCL5 was blunted in sorted macrophages from MΦ KO NGAL mice challenged by NAS and in macrophages obtained from KO NGAL mice and challenged ex vivo with aldosterone and salt. The pharmacological blockade of the CCL5 receptor reduced renal fibrosis and the CD4 + Th cell infiltration induced by NAS. Neutralization of IL4 in NAS mice blunted kidney fibrosis and the overexpression of profibrotic proteins, such as collagen I, αSMA, and fibronectin. In conclusion, NGAL produced by macrophages plays a critical role in renal fibrosis and modulates the CCL5/IL4 pathway in mice exposed to mineralocorticoid excess.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 4:05:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 23, 2022 - 3:32:20 AM

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Benjamin Bonnard, Jaime Ibarrola, Ixchel Lima-Posada, Amaya Fernández-Celis, Manon Durand, et al.. Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin From Macrophages Plays a Critical Role in Renal Fibrosis Via the CCL5 (Chemokine Ligand 5)-Th2 Cells-IL4 (Interleukin 4) Pathway. Hypertension, American Heart Association, 2021, 79 (2), pp.352-364. ⟨10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.121.17712⟩. ⟨hal-03685723⟩

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