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Cortical microtubule pulling forces contribute to the union of the parental genomes in the Caenorhabditis elegans zygote

Abstract : Previously, we reported that the Polo-like kinase PLK-1 phosphorylates the single Caenorhabditis elegans lamin (LMN-1) to trigger lamina depolymerization during mitosis. We showed that this event is required to form a pronuclear envelope scission event that removes membranes on the juxtaposed oocyte and sperm pronuclear envelopes in the zygote, allowing the parental chromosomes to merge in a single nucleus after segregation (Velez-Aguilera et al., 2020). Here, we show that cortical microtubule pulling forces contribute to pronuclear envelopes scission by promoting mitotic spindle elongation, and conversely, nuclear envelopes remodeling facilitates spindle elongation. We also demonstrate that weakening the pronuclear envelopes via PLK-1-mediated lamina depolymerization, is a prerequisite for the astral microtubule pulling forces to trigger pronuclear membranes scission. Finally, we provide evidence that PLK-1 mainly acts via lamina depolymerization in this process. These observations thus indicate that temporal coordination between lamina depolymerization and mitotic spindle elongation facilitates pronuclear envelopes scission and parental genomes unification.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 6:49:48 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 26, 2022 - 3:13:51 AM

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Griselda Velez-Aguilera, Batool Ossareh-Nazari, Lucie van Hove, Nicolas Joly, Lionel Pintard. Cortical microtubule pulling forces contribute to the union of the parental genomes in the Caenorhabditis elegans zygote. eLife, eLife Sciences Publication, 2022, 11, pp.e75382. ⟨10.7554/elife.75382⟩. ⟨hal-03674687⟩

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