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Mean field versus random-phase approximation calculation of the energy of an impurity immersed in a spin-1/2 superfluid

A. Bigué 1 F. Chevy 1 X. Leyronas 1 
1 Systèmes Classiques ou Quantiques en Interaction
LPENS - Laboratoire de physique de l'ENS - ENS Paris
Abstract : In this article we calculate the energy of an impurity weakly coupled to a spin-1/2 fermionic superfluid. We show that the divergences resulting from three-body physics can only be cured using a proper description of the excitations of the many-body background. We highlight the crucial role played by interactions between quasiparticles which are overlooked within Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer mean-field theory of fermionic superfluidity. By contrast, we prove that their addition using the random phase approximation allows us to regularize the energy of the impurity. Finally, we show that these beyond mean-field corrections should be observable by the analysis of the frequency shift of the impurity center-of-mass oscillations in an external confining potential.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 2:48:26 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 3, 2022 - 2:58:06 PM

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A. Bigué, F. Chevy, X. Leyronas. Mean field versus random-phase approximation calculation of the energy of an impurity immersed in a spin-1/2 superfluid. Physical Review A, 2022, 105 (3), pp.033314. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.105.033314⟩. ⟨hal-03674266⟩

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