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Predicting Depression Onset in Young People Based on Clinical, Cognitive, Environmental, and Neurobiological Data

Yara Toenders 1 Akhil Kottaram 1 Richard Dinga 2 Christopher Davey 1 Tobias Banaschewski 3 Arun L.W. Bokde 4 Erin Burke Quinlan 5 Sylvane Desrivières 5 Herta Flor 3, 6 Antoine Grigis 7 Hugh Garavan 8 Penny Gowland 9 Andreas Heinz 10 Rüdiger Brühl 11 Jean-Luc Martinot 12, 13 Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot 12, 13, 14 Frauke Nees 3, 15 Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos 7 Herve Lemaitre 16, 7 Tomáš Paus 17 Luise Poustka 18 Sarah Hohmann 3 Juliane Fröhner 19 Michael Smolka 19 Henrik Walter 10 Robert Whelan 4 Argyris Stringaris 20 Betteke van Noort Jani Penttilä Yvonne Grimmer 3 Corinna Insensee 18 Andreas Becker 18 Gunter Schumann 18 Lianne Schmaal 21, 22 
Abstract : Background: Adolescent onset of depression is associated with long-lasting negative consequences. Identifying adolescents at risk for developing depression would enable the monitoring of risk factors and the development of early intervention strategies. Using machine learning to combine several risk factors from multiple modalities might allow prediction of depression onset at the individual level. Methods: A subsample of a multisite longitudinal study in adolescents, the IMAGEN study, was used to predict future (subthreshold) major depressive disorder onset in healthy adolescents. Based on 2-year and 5-year follow-up data, participants were grouped into the following: 1) those developing a diagnosis of major depressive disorder or subthreshold major depressive disorder and 2) healthy control subjects. Baseline measurements of 145 variables from different modalities (clinical, cognitive, environmental, and structural magnetic resonance imaging) at age 14 years were used as input to penalized logistic regression (with different levels of penalization) to predict depression onset in a training dataset (n = 407). The features contributing the highest to the prediction were validated in an independent hold-out sample (three independent IMAGEN sites; n = 137). Results: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting depression onset ranged between 0.70 and 0.72 in the training dataset. Baseline severity of depressive symptoms, female sex, neuroticism, stressful life events, and surface area of the supramarginal gyrus contributed most to the predictive model and predicted onset of depression, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve between 0.68 and 0.72 in the independent validation sample. Conclusions: This study showed that depression onset in adolescents can be predicted based on a combination multimodal data of clinical characteristics, life events, personality traits, and brain structure variables.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 12:37:50 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 1, 2022 - 2:02:09 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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Yara Toenders, Akhil Kottaram, Richard Dinga, Christopher Davey, Tobias Banaschewski, et al.. Predicting Depression Onset in Young People Based on Clinical, Cognitive, Environmental, and Neurobiological Data. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 2022, 7 (4), pp.376-384. ⟨10.1016/j.bpsc.2021.03.005⟩. ⟨hal-03670307⟩

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