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Nano-biochar: A novel solution for sustainable agriculture and environmental remediation

Abstract : Currently, the applications of biochar (BC) in agricultural practices and for environmental remediation purposes have demonstrated multifaceted advantages despite a few limitations. Nano-BC offers considerable opportunities especially for the remediation of hazardous contaminants as well as the improvement of crop productivity. Positive outcomes of nano-BC on soil physico-chemical and biological characteristics have indicated its suitability for agricultural applications. Nano-BC may effectively regulate the mobilization and sorption of important micro- and macro-nutrients, along with the hazardous contaminants including potentially toxic metals, pesticides, etc. Additionally, the sorption characteristics of nano-BC depends substantially on feedstock materials and pyrolysis temperatures. Nevertheless, the conducted investigations regarding nano-BC are in infant stages, requiring extensive field investigations. The nano-enhanced properties of BC on one hand dramatically improve its effectiveness and sustainability, on the other hand, there may be associated with toxicity development in diverse aquatic and/or terrestrial environments. Therefore, risk assessment on soil organisms and its indirect impact on human health is another area of concern linked with the field application of nano-BC. The present review delineates the potentiality of nano-BC as an emerging sorbent for sustainable agriculture and environmental applications.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 11:38:20 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:43:48 AM

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Vishnu Rajput, Tatiana Minkina, Bilal Ahmed, Vipin Kumar Singh, Saglara Mandzhieva, et al.. Nano-biochar: A novel solution for sustainable agriculture and environmental remediation. Environmental Research, Elsevier, 2022, 210, pp.112891. ⟨10.1016/j.envres.2022.112891⟩. ⟨hal-03670154⟩

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