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Defining Local Chemical Conditions in Magnetosomes of Magnetotactic Bacteria

Abstract : Defining chemical properties of intracellular organelles is necessary to determine their function(s) as well as understand and mimic the reactions they host. However, the small size of bacterial and archaeal microorganisms often prevents defining local intracellular chemical conditions in a similar way to what has been established for eukaryotic organelles. This work proposes to use magnetite (Fe3O4) nanocrystals contained in magnetosome organelles of magnetotactic bacteria as reporters of elemental composition, pH, and redox potential of a hypothetical environment at the site of formation of intracellular magnetite. This methodology requires combining recent single-cell mass spectrometry measurements together with elemental composition of magnetite in trace and minor elements. It enables a quantitative characterization of chemical disequilibria of 30 chemical elements between the intracellular and external media of magnetotactic bacteria, revealing strong transfers of elements with active influx or efflux processes that translate into elemental accumulation (Mo, Se, and Sn) or depletion (Sr and Bi) in the bacterial internal medium of up to seven orders of magnitude relative to the extracellular medium. Using this concept, we show that chemical conditions in magnetosomes are compatible with a pH of 7.5–9.5 and a redox potential of −0.25 to −0.6 V.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 9:37:07 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 22, 2022 - 3:11:26 AM


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Matthieu Amor, Damien Faivre, Jérôme Corvisier, Mickaël Tharaud, Vincent Busigny, et al.. Defining Local Chemical Conditions in Magnetosomes of Magnetotactic Bacteria. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2022, 126 (14), pp.2677-2687. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpcb.2c00752⟩. ⟨hal-03664316⟩



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