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One-Week Scutellar Somatic Embryogenesis in the Monocot Brachypodium distachyon

Abstract : Plant somatic embryogenesis (SE) is a natural process of vegetative propagation. It can be induced in tissue cultures to investigate developmental transitions, to create transgenic or edited lines, or to multiply valuable crops. We studied the induction of SE in the scutellum of monocots with Brachypodium distachyon as a model system. Towards the in-depth analysis of SE initiation, we determined the earliest stages at which somatic scutellar cells acquired an embryogenic fate, then switched to a morphogenetic mode in a regeneration sequence involving treatments with exogenous hormones: first an auxin (2,4-D) then a cytokinin (kinetin). Our observations indicated that secondary somatic embryos could already develop in the proliferative calli derived from immature zygotic embryo tissues within one week from the start of in vitro culture. Cell states and tissue identity were deduced from detailed histological examination, and in situ hybridization was performed to map the expression of key developmental genes. The fast SE induction method we describe here facilitates the mechanistic study of the processes involved and may significantly shorten the production of transgenic or gene-edited plants.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:36:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 4:27:12 PM

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Houssein Wehbi, Camille Soulhat, Halima Morin, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Pierre Hilson, et al.. One-Week Scutellar Somatic Embryogenesis in the Monocot Brachypodium distachyon. Plants, MDPI, 2022, 11 (8), pp.1068. ⟨10.3390/plants11081068⟩. ⟨hal-03663948⟩

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