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Systematic gene deletions evidences that laccases are involved in several stages of wood degradation in the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina

Abstract : Transformation of plant biomass into biofuels may supply environmentally friendly alternative biological sources of energy. Laccases are supposed to be involved in the lysis of lignin, a prerequisite step for efficient breakdown of cellulose into fermentable sugars. The role in development and plant biomass degradation of the nine canonical laccases belonging to three different subfamilies and one related multicopper oxidase of the Ascomycota fungus Podospora anserina was investigated by targeted gene deletion. The 10 genes were inactivated singly, and multiple mutants were constructed by genetic crosses. lac6(Δ), lac8(Δ) and mco(Δ) mutants were significantly reduced in their ability to grow on lignin-containing materials, but also on cellulose and plastic. Furthermore, lac8(Δ), lac7(Δ), mco(Δ) and lac6(Δ) mutants were defective towards resistance to phenolic substrates and H2 O2 , which may also impact lignocellulose breakdown. Double and multiple mutants were generally more affected than single mutants, evidencing redundancy of function among laccases. Our study provides the first genetic evidences that laccases are major actors of wood utilization in a fungus and that they have multiple roles during this process apart from participation in lignin lysis.
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https://hal-univ-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03153559
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Submitted on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 2:47:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 3:17:05 AM

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Ning Xie, Florence Chapeland-Leclerc, Philippe Silar, Gwenaël Ruprich-Robert. Systematic gene deletions evidences that laccases are involved in several stages of wood degradation in the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina. Environmental Microbiology, Society for Applied Microbiology and Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, 16 (1), pp.141-161. ⟨10.1111/1462-2920.12253⟩. ⟨hal-03153559⟩

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