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Size variation of the non-recombining region on the mating-type chromosomes in the fungal Podospora anserina species complex

Abstract : Sex chromosomes often carry large non-recombining regions that can extend progressively over time, generating evolutionary strata of sequence divergence. However, some sex chromosomes display an incomplete suppression of recombination. Large genomic regions without recombination and evolutionary strata have also been documented around fungal mating-type loci, but have been studied in only a few fungal systems. In the model fungus Podospora anserina (Ascomycota, Sordariomycetes), the reference S strain lacks recombination across a 0.8 Mb region around the mating-type locus. The lack of recombination in this region ensures that nuclei of opposite mating types are packaged into a single ascospore (pseudo-homothallic lifecycle). We found evidence for a lack of recombination around the mating-type locus in the genomes of 10 P. anserina strains and six closely related pseudo-homothallic Podospora species. Importantly, the size of the non-recombining region differed between strains and species, as indicated by the heterozygosity levels around the mating-type locus and experimental selfing. The non-recombining region is probably labile and polymorphic, differing in size and precise location within and between species, resulting in occasional, but infrequent, recombination at a given base pair. This view is also supported by the low divergence between mating types, and the lack of strong linkage disequilibrium, chromosomal rearrangements, trans-specific polymorphism and genomic degeneration. We found a pattern suggestive of evolutionary strata in P. pseudocomata. The observed heterozygosity levels indicate low but non-null outcrossing rates in nature in these pseudo-homothallic fungi. This study adds to our understanding of mating-type chromosome evolution and its relationship to mating systems
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https://hal-univ-paris.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03146888
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 5, 2021 - 12:38:17 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 19, 2022 - 3:35:57 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 6, 2022 - 6:51:11 PM

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Fanny E Hartmann, S Lorena Ament-Velásquez, Aaron A Vogan, Valérie Gautier, Stéphanie Le Prieur, et al.. Size variation of the non-recombining region on the mating-type chromosomes in the fungal Podospora anserina species complex. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2021, ⟨10.1093/molbev/msab040⟩. ⟨hal-03146888⟩

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