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Interpréter changements et continuités en Allemagne : un retour à l’approche gerschenkronienne de l’histoire

Abstract : Since the 1980s, the German growth path has challenged the mainstream theories and forced them to incorporate the possibility of another viable equilibrium, alternative to liberal capitalism, and relying upon institutional complementarities in order to secure long term investments in both physical and human capital. We establish the existence of at least three ‘stylised facts’ that the three different institutionalist approaches share and show, by doing this, how economics may use history. We argue that these approaches are to be distinguished by the ‘theoretical status’ they grant to these ‘facts’, but could be articulated around Gerschenkron’s version of historical institutionalism. It would allow conciliating the functionalism of the rational choice approach, which explains rather well the emergence of the institutional complementarities observed until the 1990s, with the force of the social dynamics within each individual institution developed by the sociological approach.
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Kevin Guillas-Cavan. Interpréter changements et continuités en Allemagne : un retour à l’approche gerschenkronienne de l’histoire. Encyclo. Revue de l'école doctorale Sciences des Sociétés ED 624, Université de Paris, 2017. ⟨hal-01728731v2⟩



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