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La classification des faux emprunts : une question de point de vue

Abstract : There are many ways to classify pseudo-loans (or false loans), but they can be subsumed under a small number of dichotomies, in particular that of synchony or diachrony. This criterion separates constructions made in one language from elements borrowed from another (which we call allogenisms) and real loans which diverge from their foreign language model either at the time of the borrowing or subsequently. There is also a distinction to be made between model as used by Haugen (1950) and the model or reference instance of a neological paradigm, which can occur within one language or involving two languages. The article reviews various manifestations of allogenisms, in particular classicisms in European languages and similar occurrences in Japonese (lexical creations in Japonese using Chinese or English lexical material), then the sectors in which allogenisms are used in French, to finish off with an appraisal of how they are used to hijack a fixed or semi-fixed expression.
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Contributor : John Humbley Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, April 11, 2016 - 1:27:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:58:32 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-01300690, version 1


John Humbley. La classification des faux emprunts : une question de point de vue. Z. Hildenbrand; A. Kacprzak; J.-F. Sablayrolles. Emprunts néologiques et équivalents autochtones en français, en polonais et en tchèque, Editions Lambert-Lucas, pp.37-58, 2016, 978-2-35935-156-9. ⟨hal-01300690⟩



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