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Schizophrenia as a psychosomatic illness: An interdisciplinary approach between Lacanian psychoanalysis and the neurosciences

Abstract : Schizophrenia as a psychosomatic illness Dimitriadis Schizophrenia as a psychosomatic illness: An interdisciplinary approach between Lacanian psychoanalysis and the neurosciences Yorgos Dimitriadis, MD, PhD According to Lacan's theory of schizophrenia (as well as other delirious forms of psychosis), under certain conditions the signifying function breaks down, thus turning the schizophrenic individual's world into one in which a number of events become enigmatic and signal him or her. The schizophrenic individual tries to deal with these signs that besiege him or her either by means of an interpretative attitude (a stable delusional mood) or by apathy. These two types of responses correspond with the stereotypi-cal (and mood) processes by which the schizophrenic individual attempts to avoid the distress provoked by the enigmatic desire of the Other, while simultaneously corresponding with psychosomatic processes of the brain organ. (Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 81[X], 1-18) To the best of my knowledge, Gustav Jung (2001) was the first to see the possibility of psychosomatic involvement of the central nervous system in schizophrenia, although he did not formulate his concept in these words. Jung felt that the brain, disturbed by tumultuous conflicts, would produce toxins that in their turn would damage the nervous system. It was Silvano Arieti (1959) who first posed this question explicitly in his Handbook
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Yorgos Dimitriadis. Schizophrenia as a psychosomatic illness: An interdisciplinary approach between Lacanian psychoanalysis and the neurosciences. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, Guilford Press, 2018, 82 (1), pp.1-18. ⟨10.1521/bumc_2017_81_09⟩. ⟨hal-02553102⟩

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