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Médias audiovisuels et contenus sexuels en ligne à l’adolescence. Enjeux politiques en Europe

Abstract : Audiovisual media expose adolescents to the vision of sexual contents on the Internet. Within public debate, online availability of material “likely to harm” or “seriously harming” children generates forms of moral panic. A major concern derives from sexual risks, such as pornography, sexting and child-pornography. At the European political-institutional level, the measures implemented are based on auto-regulatory, co-regulatory and regulatory solutions. Among these initiatives, the most important ones have been the Safer Internet programme and two directives respectively focused on children protection with regards to Audiovisual Media Services (2010/13/UE) and on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography (2011/92/UE). Methodologically, the thesis analyzes 45 debates of the European Parliament which dealt with these issues between 2001 and 2016. This corpus has been examined through an original quali- quantitative protocol, with a content analysis and the Alceste method applied via the softwares ATLAS.ti and IRaMuTeQ. This work wishes to contribute to research on audiovisual media, online sexual contents, adolescents and children, by proposing an original point of view on European policy. The main hypothesis has been that European parliamentary debates are limited in terms of representativeness of national cultures ; starting from this premise, several aspects have been surveyed, either juridical, scientific, ethical and political issues. The main results respectively refer to different elements : 1. the variety of political-juridical interpretations of some concepts and the definitions of a few terms, besides the study of some juridical principles involved (fourth chapter) ; 2. the descriptions of online audiovisual sexual risks and the difficulties of European policy retrieved within parliamentary debates (fifth chapter) ; 3. the limits of European scientific knowledge in terms of representativeness of national culture, through the analysis of mentioned statistical data and studies (sixth chapter) ; 4. the multiplicity of ethical considerations, even based on different national cultures (seventh chapter) ; 5. the choice to favor self-regulatory measures (eight chapter).
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Agnese Pastorino. Médias audiovisuels et contenus sexuels en ligne à l’adolescence. Enjeux politiques en Europe. Sociologie. Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02144569⟩

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