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Fire Features from the Gravettian Open-Air Site of Les Bossats (Ormesson, France): An Ongoing Collective Study

Abstract : Among the rare Western European examples of Gravettian dwellings, the Early Gravettian locus from Les Bossats (Ormesson, France) provides material evidence that permits a thorough analysis of the status of fire features within living spaces. This contribution presents the first steps of this endeavour, namely an exploration of the nature of these features (e.g. primary fireplaces or secondary discards), the strategies entailed in their operation and realization (e.g. structure architecture and fuel selection), as their potential functions and relationships. By focusing on the analysis of heated rocks, charcoal remains, fauna, sediment samples and of the overall organization of fire-related remains, we will discuss the importance of such evidence for the interpretation of the site and the range of activities that occurred within. Despite the ongoing nature of this analysis, preliminary results already highlight the structured nature of fire-related activities on site, with evidence for the selection of mixed fuels, the use of heated rocks, and the elaboration of a multi-feature combustion area. This case study underlines the benefits of a multi-proxy and collective analysis applied to the question of Early Upper Palaeolithic pyrotechnologies, and ultimately argues for their more frequent and systematic interrogation. Pyrotechnology, while not a straightforward topic, plays a crucial role in our understanding of the elaborate techno- and socio-economic behaviors of past populations.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03394544
Contributor : Mathieu Lejay Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 2:10:48 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 4:10:45 PM

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Mathieu Lejay, Gaelle Dumarçay, Jessica Lacarriere, Isabelle Théry-Parisot. Fire Features from the Gravettian Open-Air Site of Les Bossats (Ormesson, France): An Ongoing Collective Study. Les sociétés gravettiennes du Nord-Ouest européen : nouveaux sites, nouvelles données, nouvelles lectures / Gravettian societies in North-western Europe:new sites, new data, new readings. Actes du colloque international « Le Nord-Ouest européen au Gravettien : apports des travaux récents à la compréhension des sociétés et de leurs environnements » (Université de Liège, 12-13 avril 2018), 130, Presses Universitaires de Liège, pp.91-108, 2021, ANTHROPOLOGICA ET PRÆHISTORICA, 978-2-87562-297-6. ⟨hal-03394544⟩

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