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Agricultures en front pionnier amazonien. (région de Marabá / Pará, Brésil)

Abstract : This study seeks to understand the mechanisms of evolution of different types of agriculture in a pioneer frontier. Its main aim is to verify the chances for the stabilisation of family agriculture. Rich in mineral and forestry products, Marabá region is located at the interface of the economical and industrial centre of Brazilian Centre-South, the work force basin of the Northeast and the dense forests of the interior where some Indian groups find refuge. The historical analysis enables the comprehension of the region colonisation process before the arrival of the roads and, after that, to come across the national context, the social groups in place and their respective advantages along the entire frontier. The reconstruction of changes in the social and geographical landscape over a a 30 000-km2 zone, since road building in the seventies until the recent year is made. Three levels of analysis are highlighted: the regional, the local and the farm, taking into account their own dynamics and articulation with their respective environments. Appropriated lands increase their value in different ways over space and time; the innumerable conditions and states of farms, localities and region form together a rich mosaic that offers a large range of alternatives to both poorer well as better off families. During the first 25 years, the political environment, equally at the regional and national level did not allow the family agriculture to face the traditional ranch holdings and capitalist sectors. Despite the general improvement in the standards of living of the families, only a few well establish farms can survive. At the same time, numerous underused properties of the capitalist sector pass to the control of the family sector; the recent government support to the family agriculture of the last few years in a new regional context offers a framework more propitious to the stabilisation of the peasantry.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03274219
Contributor : Vincent de Reynal <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 8, 2021 - 5:28:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 14, 2021 - 3:33:47 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03274219, version 2

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Vincent de Reynal. Agricultures en front pionnier amazonien. (région de Marabá / Pará, Brésil). Agriculture, économie et politique. Institut National Agronomique Paris Grignon, 1999. Français. ⟨tel-03274219v2⟩

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